Polycystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS) is a problem with hormones that affects 1 in 10 women during their childbearing years(ages 15 to 44). What PCOS does is, it causes normal functioning of the ovaries, filled with follicles containing an immature egg that does not mature enough to be released, leading to no ovulation, thereby messing up the regular menstrual cycle.
While PCOS is not a curable condition, symptoms of PCOS are quite manageable and often, the treatment doesn't need medications. Consult your gynaecologist for the best-suited treatment.
We will soon update the signs, symptoms, effects and treatment of PCOS in detail in upcoming
What is Endometriosis?
The Endometrium is the innermost layer of the uterus. In women with Endometriosis, this uterine layer is often found outside the confines of the uterus. Since this is uterine tissue, it bleeds and goes through changes, similar to the tissue within the uterus. And this results in painful cysts and adhesions within the abdominal and pelvic cavities.
Common Symptoms of PCOS
Irregular periods: A lack of ovulation prevents the uterine lining from shedding every month. Some women with PCOS get fewer than eight periods a year or none at all.
Heavy bleeding: The uterine lining builds up for a longer period of time, so the periods you do get can be heavier than normal.is is usually identified through bleeding, cramping, and lower back pain.
Hair growth: More than 70 percent of women with this condition grow hair on their face and body — including on their back, belly, and chest. Excess hair growth is called hirsutism.
Acne: Male hormones can make the skin oilier than usual and cause breakouts on areas like the face, chest, and upper back.
Weight gain: Up to 80 percent of women with PCOS are overweight or have obesity.
Male pattern baldness: Hair on the scalp gets thinner and may fall out.
Darkening of the skin: Dark patches of skin can form in body creases like those on the neck, in the groin, and under the breasts.
Headaches: Hormone changes can trigger headaches in some women.
Complications of PCOS can include
Infertility- Pregnancy can occur only if you ovulate. Since PCOS interferes with ovulation, it can lead to infertility. In fact, PCOS problems are a leading cause of infertility in women.
Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure
Miscarriage or premature birth
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis — a severe liver inflammation caused by fat accumulation in the liver
Metabolic syndrome — a cluster of conditions including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and abnormal cholesterol.
Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes
Sleep apnea - in sleep apnea, momentary breaks in breathing throughout the night interrupt sleep. It is more common in obese women with PCOS.
Depression, anxiety and eating disorders
Abnormal uterine bleeding - Cancer of the uterine lining (endometrial cancer)
Obesity is associated with PCOS and can worsen complications of the disorder.
Treatment for PCOS
Losing just 5 to 10 percent of your body weight can help regulate your menstrual cycle and improve PCOS symptoms. Weight loss can also:
improve cholesterol levels
reduce heart disease and diabetes risks
A few studies have found that 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise at least 3 days a week can help women with PCOS lose weight.
Exercise is even more beneficial when combined with a healthy diet. Diet plus exercise helps you lose more weight than either intervention alone.
Taking progestin daily can:
restore a normal hormone balance
relieve symptoms like excess hair growth
protect against endometrial cancer
These hormones come in a pill, patch, or vaginal ring.
Metformin (Glucophage, Fortamet) is a drug used to treat type 2 diabetes. It also treats PCOS by improving insulin levels.
EXCESSIVE HAIR REMOVAL
Laser hair removal and electrolysis can get rid of unwanted hair on your face and body.
Ovarian drilling is a procedure that makes tiny holes in the ovary with a laser or thin heated needle to restore normal ovulation.
Bedi IVF and Infertility Centre is one of the oldest hospitals in Tricity Chandigarh. We have one of the most advanced IVF Lab in Tricity, India with world class equipment and technology to increase your chances to get your bundle of Joy.