Although conceiving a child may seem as the easiest & natural thing, it may actually not be the case for many couples.
Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 1 year of active unprotected sexual coitus.
Most couples assume that they are fertile and expect to conceive as soon as they stop using contraception. Almost 15-20% of all couples of childbearing age are infertile or at least experience some period of infertility sometime during their life.
Today medical science offers path breaking treatment of infertility & glowing hope for childless couples, through the practice of Assisted Reproductive Techniques with an overall success rate of around 65%.
Most couples who have difficulties in natural conception are not sterile, but they are essentially infertile or sub fertile. This in simple words means – they have a reduced chance of conceiving in the normal way.
Causes of Male Infertility
Causes of Female Infertility
The biggest group (around 15-20%) out of all “infertile couples” is due to “unexplained infertility”. This is when a couple fails to conceive even after about 18 months of regular intercourse & no cause is found for their being unable to give birth to a child.
Amongst couples who seek medical help, infertility is exclusively a problem in the Female in about 40% of cases & exclusively in the male in about 30% of the cases