Adopting a child and becoming part of the adoption community will change your life forever. Your heart will grow in ways you didn’t even know were possible.
The adoption process is a roller coaster of emotions, paperwork, and love. Although it can seem overwhelming at first, knowledge is power. We hope to empower you with knowledge about the adoption process in this educational tour. With this knowledge you will be better equipped as you decide if adoption is right for you and hopefully get started on fulfilling your dream of adopting a child to love and providing a forever home for this child.
Although every family is unique in their adoption, there are nine basic steps to the process, and they often go something like this.
If you are interested in growing your family through adoption and would like to visit with an adoption professional about your adoption options.
How to Adopt a Child – A Guide For Parents
- The constitution of India and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child have laid down directly for the care, protection and the rights of the child to a family.
- The number of abandoned and relinquished children is on the rise, through the exact figures are still not known.
Do you want to reach out to such children?
- Adoption is the best means by which you can nurture one such child in your home & heart. Let the fragrance of love last a lifetime.
What is Adoption?
- Adoption is a process by which a child who has been abandoned or given up by his/her natural parents and is without any family, is given a safe, secure and loving family through legal process.
Who can Adopt?
- A couple desirous of giving a child a family, can adopt.
- Hindus, Buddhist, Jains and Sikhs can adopt under the Hindus Adoption and Maintenance Act 1956, whereas non-Hindus can take a child under the Guardianship and Wards Act, 1890.
- Adoption of destitute children has also been facilitated now under the new Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children), Act, 2000.
- The adoptive parents should have a reasonable and regular source of income, which can support the needs of a child within a family.
- Neither of the parents should have a major illness that would come in the way of parenting.
- Neither of the parents should have a criminal record.
- The composite age of the adoptive couple should not exceed 90 years for adopting infants.
- Single parents can adopt too.
- The age difference between the adoptive parent and adoptive child should be at least 21 years.
- Additional family support is also required in case of single parents.
From where can one Adopt?
- Any parent(s) desirous of adopting a child may contact the licensed recognized adoption agencies, the local Voluntary Coordinating Agencies, Sishu Greh or the Juvenile Justice Board. In case you are unable to identify the appropriate agency. Please contact the Women and Child Development Department Social Welfare Department of the concerned State Government/UT or CARA.
- Do not adopt from unlicensed Agencies/Homes.
- Do not try to adopt or take children from Nursing Homes/Hospitals, as it is illegal.
Procedure for In country Adoptions:
- Firstly, prospective adoptive should register themselves with the local licensed Adoption Agency or Voluntary Coordinate Agency. The couple’s interest in adoption and their decision to adopt is ascertained at this stage.
- A home study of the prospective adoptive parents is conducted by the social worker of the agency. To allay the fears and apprehensions of the prospective adoptive parents, Pre adoptive counseling sessions are undertaken by the social worker during the process of home study. Assessing the ability of a couple to parent a child not born to them is of crucial importance in a successful adoption. Therefore, the couple’s suitability to care for an unrelated child is ensured through this home study.
- Subsequently, the prospective adoptive parents submit the documents related to their financial and health status to the agency.
- A child is then shown to the parents. The agency takes care to match a child meeting the description, if any desired by the parents.
- Once a successful matching has been done, the agency then files a petition in the court for obtaining the necessary orders under HAMA or any other relevant Act. In some cases, the child may also be placed in pre-adoption foster care with the adoptive parents.
- Fees, as prescribed will be charged by the licensed adoption agency for the cost of caring of the child and the legal procedures. Children under Sishu Greh Scheme shall be placed in adoption free of cost.
- The above process is normally completed in 6-8 weeks. Once the child has been mateched with the parents, there are regular follow-up visits and post adoption counseling by the social worker till the child adjusts in his/her new environment.